Mothers with high levels of anxiety perceive the world as a dangerous and incurable place. They experience feelings of mistrust, tension, stress and conflict and feel incapable of controlling their surroundings and events. In other words, they always expect the worst to happen and feel threatened. It seems that when anxiety reaches its high levels, it could negatively affect mothers and children. These mothers cannot efficiently communicate with their children since feelings of anxiety are transmitted to their children due to their inadequacy in parenting.
Moreover, similar to the findings of the current study, ADHD was associated with maternal stress Dewolf also found that mothers of pre-school ADHD children considered their parental efficacy to be less than desirable; this feeling increased the rate of anxiety and depression among them A study by Hekmati et al. These findings are in agreement with the present results and previous studies which have reported higher levels of conflict and lower levels of cohesion in families with ADHD children The study by Hekmati et al.
In other words, mothers showed less efficient functioning, which led to higher levels of anxiety and stress. Based on a study by Kashdan and comparison with other studies, parents are the main cause of conflict, not ADHD children. It seems that psychological problems lead to anxiety and internal conflicts. High levels of maternal anxiety lead to child-rearing problems, which in turn cause various disorders such as hyperactivity in children. Mothers with ADHD children suffer from increased levels of anxiety due to their concerns and insufficient parenting skills.
Since the effects of variables on each other were not studied in this paper, it is recommended that further research be conducted in this field. Home Articles List Article Information. Articles in Press. Current Issue. Journal Archive. Volume 7 Volume 6 Volume 5 Volume 4 Volume 3 Volume 2 Issue 4.
Issue 3. Issue 2. Issue 1. Volume 1 Mirzaaghas, R. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health , 2 4 , Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health , 2, 4, , Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health , ; 2 4 : Since maternal anxiety affects mother-child interactions, early treatment plays an important role in the prognosis of ADHD in children. This study aimed to determine the relationship between maternal anxiety and hyperactivity in children. Methods: This study was conducted on mothers of ADHD children aged years , selected via convenience sampling from October to December The subjects lived in districts 2 and 6 of Tehran and were referred to consultation centers.
Materials and Methods This correlational study, with descriptive and analytic objectives, was conducted on mothers, referring to consultation centers in districts 2 and 6 of Tehran from October to December ; the sample size was determined based on previously conducted research.
ADHD and Relationships: How to Make it Work
Instruments The first used questionnaire was DASS scale, which is a self-report questionnaire developed by Lovibond in Time and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Iranian population in Advances in Cognitive Science. Ahadi H, Jamali B. Developmental Psychology. Tehran: Bonyad Publications; Morbid psychological transition from childhood to adulthood. Tehran: Samt Publications; Journal of Adolescence.
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The Survival Guide for Kids with ADHD
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Altered resting-state functional connectivity patterns of anterior cingulate cortex in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Sidlauskaite, J. Psychiatry Clin. Mostert, J. Characterising resting-state functional connectivity in a large sample of adults with ADHD. Psychiatry 67 , 82—91 Qian, X. Ernst, M.
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